Wednesday, April 2, 2014

Education Attainment in the Labor Force in Quebec and Canada

More and more women are becoming active in Quebec. The proportion of the female labor force that holds a university degree now exceeds that of the male labor force.  

A way of improving productivity within an economy is to encourage everyone’s access to education, especially to higher education. Higher education helps men and women acquire the skills necessary to practice a profession.
In recent years, we have witnessed governments’ effort move to fight early school dropout and help women get back to school. These government initiatives have proven successful. There are more and more women getting back into the labor force and the gap between their proportion in Quebec and the Canadian average is narrowing as one could see in figure below.  The labor force is the number of people actually available for work. 
Share of Female in the Labor Force, Canada and Quebec, 1990-2013, Data Source: Statistics Canada
Figure 1: Share of Female in the Labor Force, Canada and Quebec, 1990-2013, Data Source: Statistics Canada
There are still more men than women in the labor force in both Quebec and Canada. Meanwhile, the proportion of female is increasing. In 1990, women represented 44.4 % of the labor force in Quebec. In 2013, they represented 47.3 %.

In Figure 2 below, it appears that, an important and growing proportion of the female and male labor force in Quebec has a post-secondary certificate or diploma as highest degree of education. In 2013, it was respectively 42.8 % and 40.7 % of the female and male labor forces that have a post-secondary degree versus the national averages of 36 % and 34.4 %. 
Proportion of the Female and Male Labor Force with a Post-Secondary Certificate or Diploma as Highest Degree, Canada and Quebec, 1990-2013, Data Source: Statistics Canada
Figure 2: Proportion of the Female and Male Labor Force with a Post-Secondary Certificate or Diploma as Highest Degree, Canada and Quebec, 1990-2013, Data Source: Statistics Canada
Figure 3 below shows that since 1996, the proportion of the female labor force that has a university degree in Quebec has become greater than the proportion of the male labor force that has the same degree. Compared to the national average, the proportions of the female and male labor force with a university degree are less important in Quebec. 
Proportion of the Female and Male Labor Force with a University Degree, Canada and Quebec, 1990-2013, Data Source: Statistics Canada
Figure 3: Proportion of the Female and Male Labor Force with a University Degree, Canada and Quebec, 1990-2013, Data Source: Statistics Canada